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Yaşar Nezihe (Bükülmez)

Yaşar Nezihe (Bükülmez)

First female poet to write a poem about May 1st, Labour Day
"Let it be known to those without rights that they do have rights"

Date of Birth: 14/01/1882 1882

Place of Birth: Silivrikapı, Istanbul

Date of Death: 05/11/1971 1971

Place of Death: Istanbul

Burial Site: Küçükyalı Cemetery, Maltepe, Istanbul

Topics

Gallery

Yaşar Nezihe (Bükülmez) Yaşar Nezihe (Bükülmez) Yaşar Nezihe (Bükülmez)

Field of Activity

Poetry
"I would pick daisies, nettles, milk thistles and mallow seeds in the field and sell them to herbalists. Then I would give half of my earnings to school and the other half to the maid. That's how I financed my studies. But I could only go to school for one year. This was the the only education I had. To support myself, I learned sewing and embroidery from neighbors. I am a self-taught poet.
In 1896, when I was 14, I read a poem written by Leyla Feride[1]. It was in the women's magazine published by Ahmet Rasim: Hanımlara Mahsus Malumat. I loved that poem so much that I wanted to write poems like that too. That was when I started writing.
I found out later that Ahmet Rasim used the pseudonym "Leyla Feride" when he wrote for hıs women's magazines.
I had my first poems published under the pseudonyms Mazlume or Mahmure. In 1901 I started writing for the newspaper Terakki. I was a frequent contributor to the women's magazine Hanımlara Mahsus Gazete. My poems were published in magazines like Sabah or in women's magazines like Menekşe, Kadın Yolu, Kadınlar Dünyası."
(Yaşar Nezihe)

In 1934, after the law for adopting the family name in Turkey had been passed, Yaşar Nezihe adopted the name Bükülmez, which means "cannot be bent".

Works

Bir Deste Menekşe (Poems), Marifet Kütüphanesi, İstanbul, 1913

Feryatlarım (Poems), 1924, Vatan Matbaası, Istanbul

Nevsal (autobiography), published as a serial in the newspapers Akşam and Tanin, date no available.

Awards

(No information available) 

Memberships

Member of The League of Workers

Education

 Autodidact

Contributions to Society

 (No information available)

Family and Friends

  • Mother:Kaya Eda Hanım
  • Father: Kadri Efendi (municipal employee)
  • Sons: Suat Bükülmez, Sedat Bükülmez,Vedat Bükülmez
  • Husbands:Atıf Zahir (first marriage, government employee), Mehmet Fevzi Bey (second marriage, engineer), Yusuf Niyazi Bey (third marriage, government employee)
  • Friends:Nezihe Muhittin (principal of Ittihat Terakki Vocational School, author, founder of the first women's party, Kadınlar Halk Fırkası, to demand women's political rights on June 16th 1923.)

Commemorative Projects

Radio Play in Her Memory

Lütfiye Aydın, Gizli Bir Kadın Ozan (Biography of Yaşar Nezihe Bükülmez), TRT Radio, date no available.

Poems Have Been Set to Music

250 of Yaşar Nezihe Bükülmez's poems have been set to music.

Kazancı Bedih sings Yaşar Nezihe Bükülmez's poem "Mecnun isen sana Leyla mı bulunmaz"

Mecnun isen ey dil sana leyla mı bulunmaz
Bu goncaya bir bülbül-ü şeyda mı bulunmaz

Sun şerbet-i lal-i lebin ağyara vefasız
Saki mi bulunmaz bana bir sahbâ mı bulunmaz

Arzetmiyorum aleme alam-ı derunum
Yoksa bana bir mahremi sevda mı bulunmaz

Bir sen misin alemde tabip illet-i aşka
Teşhis-i dile başka etibba mı bulunmaz

Al aşkını ver gönlümü allah için olsun
Dil vermek için dilber-i rana mı bulunmaz

Mesud edecek kimse seni yoksa nezihe
Meşgul edecek bir şuh-ı hülya mı bulunmaz.

Further Reading

Sources

Quoted sources:
Source for Visual Images

Footnotes

[1]:Ahmet Rasim Hanımlara Mahsus Malûmat adlı kadın gazetesinde yazdığı zaman "Leyla Feride" imzasını kullanıyordu.


Translation into English: Emre Aslay, Chicago İllinois, USA
Editing: Mary Waegner, Fürth, Bavaria, Germany

©2012 Meral Akkent
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